Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans.
Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed.
After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish colour.
Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings.
Although they are a nuisance, they are not thought to transmit diseases.
Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other items.
Their flattened bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card.
Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees but tend to live in groups in hiding places.
Their initial hiding places are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.
1. Vacuum cleaning
You can use a sturdy house attachment and a vacuum cleaner to eliminate the bedbugs. The vacuum cleaner sucks them and the eggs from the surfaces
To achieve the best results, You should vacuum at least every few days while battling an infestation. Be thorough and use the vacuum on the mattress, bedding, and soft furniture like sofas and cushy chairs.
Also pay special attention to the carpet, floors and any cracks in the walls or floorboards. Check electrical appliances like fans and even your laptop for signs of an infestation.
2. Steam cleaning
Bedbugs cannot survive on temperatures beyond 140 degrees; hence steaming can be an effective way to get rid of them.
Once they are exposed to heat, the bugs and the eggs will die at high temperatures.
However, this method does not apply to items such as electronics and also things that can get damaged when exposed to heat. Mattresses as well can be cleaned by steaming but can be difficult to hence not advisable.
This is so far the most effective way to control pests and bedbugs in Kenya. ‘
Fumigation is a technique of pest control that fills an area with gaseous insecticides and pesticides.
It works by suffocating or poisoning pests within premises, soil and produce. Fumigation eliminates all pests regardless of the stage of life the pests are at, for example, eggs, pupa, larvae, and adults.
Many pest control measures typically take a more extended period to work, but fumigation frequently takes effective overnight..
Finding a professional
Professional pest controllers can effectively remove an infestation of bed bugs.
Pest control professionals can be expected to:
1. Confirm the infestation
2. Inspect the location and possibly neighbouring areas
3. Use a combination of nonchemical control and insecticides
4. Review treatment to check that it is successful
5. Recommend or put preventive measures in place
Bed bugs are found worldwide, and they can affect anyone in any place, although they are more common in urban areas.
It is worth remembering that bed bugs:
Do not spread disease.
Are not more common among low-income households.
Occur in both clean and unsanitary environments.
Are visible to the naked eye.
Being observant and treating an infestation early is the best strategy.